National Flower of Netherlands – Guide

Maybe you already know… That the national flower of the Netherlands is the tulip. Tulips are truly beautiful flowers with many varieties. The National Flower of Netherlands symbolizes warmth, love, and sympathy. They are often referred to as flowers of many meanings because the color can express happiness, forgiveness, and also perfect love. Therefore, it can be said that they are synonymous with the best. They are an excellent garden decoration, so they are worth growing.

What You Should Know about the National Flower of the Netherlands

Tulips are flowers that are present almost everywhere in the world. Although they are often associated with the Netherlands, their native range is in Asia and Turkey. They probably originate from Persia, where their cultivation began in the 10th century A.D. It is also worth knowing that they belong to the lily family.

Currently, it is believed that there are currently 120 species of tulips, but as many as 15,000 cultivars, which is very impressive. The variety of varieties of tulips makes them significantly different from each other.

As for its characteristics, the stem measures 3″ to 29″ (7 to 75 cm), which is a very large section. Usually, the leaves grow from the bulb of a tulip and are ovoid or lanceolate. The subway part is the onion, which is a modified shoot. It is covered with a scale, which is a protective barrier against water loss and excess heat. The perianth consists of a calyx and a crown, which can be of various colors. Tulips are known for the phenomenon of thermonasty, which means that the flowers open at high temperatures and when the temperature drops, they close.

national flower of netherlands
National Flower of Netherlands.

Planting Tulips: How to do it?

Tulips are planted from bulbs. Here, much attention should be paid to their size, firmness, and hardness. Tulip bulbs should not be discolored or flaky in any way. They also cannot have developed small leaves and roots. After their careful selection, we should proceed to plant as soon as possible.

If this is not possible, tulip bulbs can be stored in a cool, but not cold place, covered with peat. Planting tulips should be carried out in mid-September, but no later than the end of October.

It is best to place the bulbs 3 times the height of the bulbs, preferably in an openwork container, which will prevent them from being destroyed by rodents, for example, field mice, and in addition, the container will drain excess water. These bulbs are best planted in fertile, moist soil, with a mixture of compost or peat.

We recommend our article on How to Grow Tulips in Water Step by Step.

planting tulips step by step
National Flower of The Netherlands.

Tulips Must Be Protected

Tulips are not resistant to low temperatures, so they should be protected in winter. It is best to mulch them. It is a good idea to put a few sprigs of spruce or pine and some peat on top. Such protection is a great barrier against frost and also prevents weed infestation and drying out. At the same time, with the end of frost, care should be taken. It is enough to fertilize and loosen the soil. We must also dig up the bulbs with mold, whether they are damaged or eaten by rodents. You should purchase quality tulip bulbs (Order here).

Mixed Triumph Tulips (25 Bulbs) - Assorted Colors of Tulip Bulbs by Willard & May
  • Bloom Time: Mid Spring / Height: 18-24" / Bulb Size: 11/12 cm
  • Hardiness Zone: 3-8 / Planting Time: Fall / Planting Depth: 6-8" Planting Spacing: 4-6"
  • Bloom Color: Red, Purple, White, Pink, Bi-Colors, + more!

Diseases and Pests Of Tulips

The national flower of the Netherlands is quite a delicate flower. Unfortunately, they are also prone to diseases. They are often affected by fusarium, which manifests itself in the yellowing of the leaves and drying of the entire plant.

The only way to prevent fusarium is to carefully select tulip bulbs. Soft or blemished ones should be removed. Some protection is also provided by good fertilization and dressing before planting tulips.

Tulips are exposed to gray mold and Penicilliosis, fortunately, you can fight them. Here, the use of fungicides is perfect, but spraying must be repeated frequently.

Unfortunately, tulips are also exposed to viral or destructive diseases. It is not possible to fight these diseases or nematodes. In such a situation, it remains only to remove these flowers and destroy them. Moreover, tulips are also destroyed by rodents such as field mice.

Learn more about How to Store Tulips Bulbs Step by Step.

diseases and pest tulip
National flower of the Netherlands in a cultivated field.

National Flower of Netherlands Video

Here is a beautiful video where you can see the national flower of the Netherlands in its cultivation.

About Henry Morgan

We are the Morgans, Henry, and Julia, both agronomists from the University of Michigan, where we met. We are experts in putting our hands in the soil and developing organic foods and improving production processes for decades. Likewise, we have worked for companies such as Mondelez International, BASF, Monsanto, etc. currently in our role as science writers for as well as advisors in promoting large scale food growing in urbanized areas. In this website, we share what we are most passionate about, gardening and farming. Enjoy and see real photos on our website.