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National Flower of Netherlands – Guide

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Maybe you already know… The national flower of the Netherlands is the tulip. Tulips are gorgeous flowers with many varieties. The National Flower of the Netherlands symbolizes warmth, love, and sympathy. They are often referred to as flowers of many meanings because the color can express happiness, forgiveness, and perfect love. Therefore, it can be said that they are synonymous with the best. They are an excellent garden decoration, so they are worth growing.

National Flower of Netherlands Video

Here is a beautiful video where you can see the national flower of the Netherlands in its cultivation.

What You Should Know about the National Flower of the Netherlands

Tulips are flowers that are present almost everywhere in the world. Although they are often associated with the Netherlands, their native range is in Asia and Turkey. They probably originate from Persia, where their cultivation began in the 10th century A.D. It is also worth knowing that they belong to the Lily family.

Currently, it is believed that there are currently 120 species of tulips, but as many as 15,000 cultivars, which is very impressive. The variety of varieties of tulips makes them significantly different from each other.

As for its characteristics, the stem measures 3″ to 29″ (7 to 75 cm), which is a huge section. Usually, the leaves grow from the bulb of a tulip and are oblong or lanceolate. The subway part is the onion, which is a modified shoot. It is covered with a scale, which is a protective barrier against water loss and excess heat. The perianth consists of a calyx and a crown, which can be of various colors. Tulips are known for the phenomenon of thermonasty, which means that the flowers open at high temperatures, and when the temperature drops, they close.

national flower of netherlands
National Flower of Netherlands.

Planting Tulips: How to do it?

Tulips are planted from bulbs. Here, much attention should be paid to their size, firmness, and hardness. Tulip bulbs should not be discolored or flaky in any way. They also cannot develop small leaves and roots. After their careful selection, we should proceed to plant as soon as possible.

If this is not possible, tulip bulbs can be stored in a cool but not cold place covered with peat. Planting tulips should be carried out in mid-September but no later than the end of October.

It is best to place the bulbs 3 times the height of the bulbs, preferably in an openwork container, which will prevent them from being destroyed by rodents, for example, field mice, and in addition, the container will drain excess water. These bulbs are best planted in fertile, moist soil with a mixture of compost or peat.

We recommend our article on How to Grow Tulips in Water Step by Step.

planting tulips step by step
National Flower of The Netherlands.

Tulips Must Be Protected

Tulips are not resistant to low temperatures, so they should be protected in winter. It is best to mulch them. It is a good idea to put a few sprigs of spruce or pine and some peat on top. Such protection is a great barrier against frost and also prevents weed infestation and drying out. At the same time, with the end of frost, care should be taken. It is enough to fertilize and loosen the soil. We must also dig up the bulbs with mold, whether they are damaged or eaten by rodents. You should purchase quality tulip bulbs.

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Mixed Triumph Tulips (25 Bulbs) - Assorted Colors of Tulip Bulbs by Willard & May
  • Bloom Time: Mid Spring / Height: 18-24" / Bulb Size: 11/12 cm
  • Hardiness Zone: 3-8 / Planting Time: Fall / Planting Depth: 6-8" Planting Spacing: 4-6"
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Diseases and Pests Of Tulips

The national flower of the Netherlands is quite a delicate flower. Unfortunately, they are also prone to diseases. They are often affected by fusarium, which manifests itself in the yellowing of the leaves and drying of the entire plant.

The only way to prevent fusariums is to select tulip bulbs carefully. Soft or blemished ones should be removed. Some protection is also provided by good fertilization and dressing before planting tulips.

Tulips are exposed to gray mold and Penicilliosis. Fortunately, you can fight them. Here, the use of fungicides is perfect, but spraying must be repeated frequently.

Unfortunately, tulips are also exposed to viral or destructive diseases. It is not possible to fight these diseases or nematodes. In such a situation, it remains only to remove these flowers and destroy them. Moreover, tulips are also destroyed by rodents such as field mice.

Learn more about How to Store Tulips Bulbs Step by Step.

diseases and pest tulip
National flower of the Netherlands in a cultivated field.

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About Henry Morgan

Henry Morgan is an agronomist horticulture founder of The Garden Style Company and The Garden Style Website. He previously worked for Mondelēz International as an Agronomist Engineer specializing in agricultural products management in highly populated areas. In 2000, Henry started working with farmer-producers in agricultural businesses selling wholesale fresh produce and retail plants in Van Buren, Arkansas. Nowadays, Henry lives in California, where he offers expert consulting services for organic vegetable gardening. As a science writer working with his wife, Julia, Henry shares his passion for gardening and farming, trying to reach and teach as many folks as possible.

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