The African violets (Saintpaulia) are one of the most popular plants, this is because they adapt very well to interiors. They are low-growing plants that bloom several times during the year. In this guide, we will explain how to take care of African violets.
Characteristics of African violets
As mentioned above, African violets are low-growing plants and they can bloom several times during the year.
Flowers may be single, double, semi-double, star-shaped, fringed, or frilly. Some varieties produce flowers with two or more rows of petals of one color and bangs of a different color.
African violets are native to Tanzania and Kenya, there are about six species of these beautiful plants.
The sizes of the plants depend on the variety. They are classified according to their diameter as follows:
- Miniature: Less than 6 inches (15 cm)
- Semi-miniature: 6 to 8 inches (15-20 cm)
- Standard: 8 to 16 inches (20 – 40 cm)
- Large: More than 16 inches (+ 40 cm)
How to Take Care of African Violets
The African violets adapt easily to interiors, it needs a series of cares to follow, that’s why we will explain to you how to take care of African violets.
African violets need soil rich in organic matter and with good drainage. Regular potting soil is suitable. Poor drainage can cause root rot and leaf loss.
You should never water an African violet with cold water, always use lukewarm water. You should also never get the leaves wet. It is very important that the plant does not lack water, but we should not overwater it either.
The African violets need at least 8 hours of light per day. It should never be in direct sunlight; it is best to place it in a window through the glass and away from drafts. If it receives direct sun, you will see that its leaves start to get damaged.
Fertilize your plant with a special fertilizer for African violets or if you don’t get it, you should look for one with a high phosphorus content. If you notice a reduction in bloom or paler leaf color, it means that your flowers are not getting enough fertilizer.
How to Make African Violets Bloom All Year Round?
The African violet blooms continuously, but there is a little trick to make it bloom. You must put it at a lower temperature than usual (about 59°F (15°C) and water it a little less. This change will provoke the flowering when you observe the buds put it back to its place.
Tips and Advice for African Violets
Here are some tips to help you take better care of your African violet.
- The ideal temperature is between 62°F and 70°F (17°C and 21°C).
- Never expose it to temperatures below 41°F (5°C).
- Remove wilted flowers and leaves, as they can cause fungus.
- Remove dust from the leaves from time to time.
We hope this guide on how to take care of African violets will be helpful and your plant will grow healthy and strong.