How to Grow a Potted Dwarf Mango Tree from Seeds
Mango, the fruit, comes from a tropical tree, is very little tolerant to frost, and dies easily when the temperature drops below 32°F (0° C). Also, before you know how to plant mangoes you need to know that this plant needs a lot of space to grow, which is why if you have little space or live in a too cold area, growing a mango tree can be a mission impossible. But you can grow a potted dwarf mango tree. Learn everything, step-by-step, about How to Grow Dwarf Mango Tree in a Pot from Seeds.
The scientific name of the mango fruit is Mangifera indica. It is characterized by its sour, spicy, and sweet taste.
Growing Mangoes is Different than Growing Dwarf Mangoes
Growing Mangoes is Different than Growing Dwarf Mangoes. A mango tree can grow up to 105 ft (32 m) high, although it depends a lot on the variety cultivated. Currently, there are more than 500 varieties of mangoes that can live up to 100 years with the necessary care.
A potted dwarf mango can grow up to 7-13 ft (2-4 m).
A grafted mango tree can produce fruit in at least 3 years, with the first 3 to 5 years being the time when it becomes larger and produces fewer flowers and fruit. After the fifth year of maturity of the plantation, the production of fruit increased notably.
A potted dwarf mango, even potted, can produce fruit in only a few months.
How to Grow Dwarf Mango Tree
Best Soil to Grow Dwarf Mango Tree
Best Soil to Grow Dwarf Mango Tree – A tip on how to grow mangoes is to use well-drained soil, rich in organic matter that can dry out easily.
Measure the soil pH and be sure the soil pH level to Grow Dwarf Mango trees is between 5 and 6.5.
It is recommended to use a high-quality potting mix and then add compost or manure and perlite for healthy plant growth.
Particularly when planting trees in pots, something to keep in mind is to always use large pots, with holes in the bottom, and to facilitate good drainage. A trick we can use to maintain proper drainage in large pots is to place small stones in the bottom to achieve good drainage.
Also making sure that the soil has a high perlite content will facilitate not only drainage but also aeration of the soil.
- PREVENT BROWN SPOTS, ROOT ROT, AND DROPPING LEAVES by adding a layer of Arqlite Smart Gravel to the base of your pots
- Arqlite promotes proper drainage to create a healthy soil environment that supports INCREASED GROWTH and STRONGER PLANT HEALTH by protecting from OVERWATERING
- 3x LIGHTER THAN MINERAL GRAVEL and lighter than expanded clay, making transportation and installation a breeze. Save your back and your wallet
- Helps prevent soil compaction and promote strong root development
- Enriched with Miracle-Gro Plant Food
- Lightweight media helps start root cuttings
Grow Dwarf Mango Tree – Sunlight
The dwarf mango tree needs a lot of sunlight and heat to thrive. You could say that it needs 8 to 10 hours of full sun for optimal growth and productivity.
A tip for growing potted dwarf mango trees is to place the container with the face south so it receives more intense and adequate sunlight compared to other directions.
Watering a Potted Mango Tree
Generally, mango trees grown on land do not require much water, but the watering conditions for potted plants are different.
It is necessary to water the dwarf mango plant regularly in its first year. After that, start watering when the top of the soil is dry. Then increase watering when it is time for flowering and fruit production.
How to Plant Dwarf Mangoes
If you want to sow dwarf mangoes from the seeds you can start badly as these can take up to 8 years to start producing fruit and there is even no guarantee that they will ever produce fruit.
One of the best options is to buy a dwarf mango tree as a plant.
Don’t forget to check out the type of mango crop you will choose; in this case, we will talk about the dwarf mango because it is the one that can be planted in pots but there are a lot of varieties so the best way is to ask at your local nursery.
How to Grow Dwarf Mango Tree in a Pot
The first thing to do when growing a dwarf mango tree in a pot is to choose a dwarf mango variety. Otherwise, it could not develop.
The dwarf mango tree will bear fruit in a short time, even in a pot. Therefore, firstly, choose a dwarf variety. We must make sure to get quality dwarf mango tree seeds.
A dwarf mango tree grows to a height of 7-13 ft (2-4 m), being suitable for a pot.
Dwarf Mango Tree Varieties. There are many varieties that can grow in a pot, among which the Irwin and Nam mangoes stand out. Some other varieties: Glenn, Carrie, King of Thailand, Palmer, and Cogshall.
How to Grow Dwarf Mango Tree – Step by Step
Let’s start step by step by explaining in detail How to Grow Dwarf Mango Tree in a Pot.
To start the process of growing dwarf mango, we will start by planting the dwarf mango tree seeds in a pot of the right size for the plant, later we must update the pot periodically as the plant gets bigger.
A piece of good advice on how to grow dwarf mangoes is that if you live in a cold climate area, use a dark-colored pot since mangoes prefer heat and in a certain way the black color can absorb it.
Also make sure the pot has good drainage holes, as this plant does not like wet soil. During the winter we have to move the pot from the tree to the interior. If you live in an area where the cold is constant make sure you can easily move the container.
The best time to start the process of growing mangoes is in the spring, however, this depends on the variety.
Care for a Dwarf Mango Tree in a Pot
Potted Dwarf Mango Tree Care. A balanced fertilizer should be used when it is in full growth. At the beginning of the flowering, the amount of nitrogen should be decreased and its feeding should be increased with high amounts of fertilizers with potassium and phosphorus.
Continuous pruning can stimulate its growth. The mango tree does not require continuous pruning, however, it is necessary to prune dead and diseased branches, as well as control their shape. Keep in mind that excessive pruning can decrease fruit production in the next year.
The most common pests that attack the dwarf mango tree are hoppers, mealybugs, mites, and spiders, reducing the vitality of the tree and causing less fruit production. These must be controlled as soon as possible using organic pesticides.
How to Care for a Dwarf Mango Tree in Winter
If you live in a cold climate and still want to grow a mango tree in a pot, your main interest will be the winters. You will need to move the pot indoors when the temperature drops below freezing.
You should place it in a room near a window so that they receive some sunlight in the daytime. You can try to heat the room, using growth lights made with halogen light by raising the temperature and light. You can also cover the plant to insulate it from the cold.
After flowering, the ripening of the mango fruits occurs in the next 2-4 months, this depends a lot on the climate and the variety you have planted.
Another advantage of hot and humid climates is that the fruits ripen quickly. The fruits should be plucked when they have a pleasant aroma. The fruits can also be harvested when they are not yet ripe and are usually used in the manufacture of sorbets, pickles, and hot sauces.