Types of Aloe Vera Plant – Full Guide

Aloe vera plants are certainly one of the most important medicinal plants in the world, being used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries. Discover in this post different types of Aloe vera plant.

As mentioned in a previous post there are many types of Aloe vera plant. In this post, we will name 10 of the best-known species.

Types of Aloe Vera Plant

Aloe juvenna

Aloe juvenna is very similar to common Aloe vera (barbadensis), with the difference that it has a smaller size. Its leaves are jagged and have light spots. In winter it seems to die, but in spring and summer, it sprouts again with strength. It is often called dwarf aloe.

aloe vera plants juvenna
Aloe juvenna

Aloe brevifolia

Also called the crocodile plant, Aloe brevifolia stands out for its striking leaves, which are pointed and have teeth on both the edges and the underside, forming a very striking compact pineapple. In spring, it produces bright red flowers in a narrow bell.

aloe brevifolia plants
Aloe brevifolia

Aloe ciliaris

The climbing aloe is indeed a climbing plant, which can reach sizes of up to 32 ft (10 m). This has narrow leaves with serrated edges and is covered with white teeth. It is usually used as an ornamental to decorate slopes, especially in very dry areas, where it grows without problems. It is fast-growing.

aloe ciliaris

Aloe ferox

It is also known as bitter Aloe and is a variety of unique stem, which can reach heights of over 6 ft (2 m), giving it the appearance of a small tree. It is very popular for its decorative use and its great resistance and is characterized by flowering in winter, giving rise to its characteristic orange color of Aloes.

aloe ferox

Aloe maculata

Aloe maculata is another of the most popular and easiest to find and is commonly called soap Aloe. This small size plant reaches a height of 12” (30 cm) and sometimes reaches 39” (1 m). Its large and especially fleshy leaves are blue-green or reddish in color, with thorny edges and light spots. It is a type of aloe that grows best in a pot.

aloe vera maculata
Aloe maculata
aloe maculata flower

Aloe arborescens

Also often called aloe candelabra, this variety can reach heights of up to 13 ft (4 m). Its fleshy leaves are green in color and have serrated edges. The flowers grow on a side stem and are very decorative due to their intense red or orange color. It is antibiotic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, and moisturizing.

aloe vera arborescens

Aloe barbadensis miller

This is the most popular of the aloes and is therefore known as common Aloe vera. It is the richest variety in medicinal properties and is used in the manufacture of all types of personal hygiene products. The leaves of the plant show white spots when it is young, but they disappear as it grows.

aloe barbadensis

Aloe aristata

Aloe aristata is one of the smallest of the Aloes, its leaves forming a rosette that rarely exceeds 12” (30 cm) in diameter. It has large orange flowers, very useful in attracting pollinators. Its roots have healing properties.

aloe aristata
Aloe aristata in the garden.

Aloe striata

Also called coral Aloe, it receives this name because of the soft pink shade that its leaves adopt. It starts out green with a pink border and gradually the entire leaf turns pink. Coral is also called coral because of the striking red to the orange color of its flowers. It is also a small Aloe, although not as small as the aristata: the rosettes of Aloe striata reach 18” (45 cm) in diameter and their leaves have no thorns.

aloe striata

Aloe variegata

Aloe variegata is very popular to have at home for decorative purposes, and this is as much for its simple care as for its small size, with leaves up to 6” (15 cm) long. It is a very beautiful and striking aloe, which is commonly called a tiger Aloe. Its inflorescence reaches about 12” (30 cm) in height, with a very beautiful pink or salmon color. Its flowers in winter and spring and supports indoor cultivation very well.

aloe variegata
Aloe variegata