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What To Plant in November – Ultimate Guide

In November, we prepare for cold days and heavy rains. That means the return of winter, which makes us think about our crops, about the attention we must give to our vegetable garden, to the seedlings and seedlings we already have underway. Learn all about what to plant in November.

The weather is not the same everywhere, while in some communities we have cold and rain, there are other areas where the weather is still somewhat pleasant.  This allows gardeners and farmers to carry out planting, harvesting, and protection of their crops while saving time.

What To Plant in November?

Numerous vegetables can be planted in November despite the existing weather conditions. These crops must observe certain conditions to have a happy term. They are resistant to cold as long as they are somewhat grown and well-established in the ground.

what to plant in november
What to Plant in November? Depending on where you live, there are different varieties of vegetables that can be planted in November.

Types Of Crops for November

Suitable For Sowing Directly in The Ground

Chard, broad beans, turnip greens, parsley, radish, peas, arugula, and beets. You can plant these vegetables in November without any problems.

Now that autumn is upon us, with shorter days, shorter daylight hours, and cold weather, it is good to be cautious when growing or transplanting either in the solid ground or in seedbeds, because the conditions are not right for it, the severe weather will damage the plants considerably.

Suitable For Growing in Protected Seedbeds

Eggplant, lettuce, bell pepper, zucchini. You can plant these vegetables in November without any problems.

The vegetables that we are going to grow in seedbeds are very fragile and vulnerable, especially in extreme weather. If there is no cold, we start in the greenhouse that we have prepared in advance. The sprouting of strong seedlings to be transplanted at the right time will depend on the favorable conditions that the seedbeds have.

Vegetables For Sowing Directly in The Ground or Seedbeds

Onion and spinach are good options to plant in November.

When planting directly in the ground with very cold weather and heavy rains, it is necessary to protect them from inclement weather such as covering them with plastic or any other material that is suitable only at night, and when the day comes, they must be uncovered so that they can breathe and feed.

Suitable For Repotting from Seedlings to The Growing Table or the Ground

Broccoli, onion, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, endive, lettuce, leek. You can plant these vegetables in November without any problems.

The cold weather should not prevent us from carrying out tasks in the vegetable garden. Perhaps someone might think that it is not necessary to do anything until these short days of cold and rain are over, but nothing could be further from the truth.  One of the most interesting tasks for the horticulturist is the transplanting of seedlings to the growing table.  For this purpose, there are several models on the market to suit everyone’s needs.  The cultivation tables are comfortable because of their height, they are practical.  They are ideal for transplanting vegetables and can be placed in the kitchen, terrace, garden, or balcony. The transplants will keep very well until they can be placed in the ground permanently.

Options for Plant in November

We probably worry about our vegetable garden when fall and winter arrive because we think that our plantings are going to suffer or that we can’t grow because of the weather.  The reality is that there are options for doing so.  For those people who do not have much experience in handling planting and transplanting in these cold months or who want to plant but buy the plants directly, there are good recommendations to help you change your mind.

We can get a seedling to prepare with a good substrate that allows the plant a good anchorage and can develop its roots well to keep it nourished and hydrated.  The substrate is also known as potting soil. Perlite and coconut fiber are recommended. To obtain a healthy plant with good roots and foliage, it is necessary a preferably organic substrate, which is homogeneous, porous, and retains moisture and nutrients. Acquire good seeds and protect them in the greenhouse while the weather is very cold.

You can plant cat mint, leek, onion, lettuce, marigold, chard, watercress, lamb’s lettuce, broad beans, radishes, nasturtium, parsley, beets, carrots, spinach, peas, cauliflower, broccoli, and cabbage.

Decrease watering is another activity to keep in mind. As the days are getting colder, watering is progressively decreased. Watering should be done first thing in the morning because during the day the temperature tends to rise, while at night the opposite happens, and we run the risk of the water freezing and the roots of the plants would suffer the consequences.

options for plant in november
What to Plant in November? Having a greenhouse is a very good option for planting in November. The greenhouse will be used to grow crops throughout the winter.

Recommendations And Care of The Garden in November

In the cold and rainy season, our vegetable garden requires a lot of attention to preserve the seedlings and plants that we have planted in the previous months.  One of the ways to protect our crops is to cover the soil with leaves, bark, straw, and coconut fiber to avoid damaging the roots of the seedlings. In frost when the plants have their roots protected they can resprout even if their stems are frozen.

Preparing the greenhouse is a very interesting alternative so that the cultivated seedlings are kept in good conditions during the intense cold. Some plants withstand the intense cold weather better than others.  However, for those that are more fragile, it helps perfectly to place them in the greenhouse, which will allow them a higher temperature of the soil and the air that covers them. This protection will be extremely useful when frost arrives, so get to work preparing or improving the greenhouse. In our house, we have this greenhouse, and we recommend it (Order it here).

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The orchard against frost.  It is advisable to cover the plants with thermal blankets or accordion greenhouses. The latter is simple and easy to assemble and disassemble and is generally used throughout the cold season, but some use them only when frosts occur.

If the greenhouse has more space, the pots can be placed there to preserve the seedlings that are already developing normally and do not want to be interrupted by cold days and very low temperatures.

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Greenhouse - Walk in Greenhouse with 8 Sturdy Shelves and PVC Cover for Indoor or Outdoor Use - 56 x 56 x 76-Inch Green House by Home-Complete
  • 8-SHELF GREENHOUSE KIT - The 8 greenhouse shelves provide plenty of room for trays, pots, or planters of anything you want to grow. Each shelf comes with zip ties to secure them to the sturdy metal frame, preventing them from tipping over.
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For those large pots with plants that have not yet passed their first frost, it is good to wrap them in bubble wrap or cover them in cardboard, this will protect them, especially the roots because it will provide the soil with a better temperature, leaving some holes for drainage.

These pots can certainly not be moved to the greenhouse, for example, a fig tree or an avocado tree. We must pay as much attention as possible to these plants because they are much more sensitive to low temperatures as they do not have enough soil as those in the ground. Sudden temperatures can cause damage to ceramic or terracotta pots and the plant will be very affected.

Another recommendation that helps the plants in pots that we cannot move is to group them, placing the highest ones against a wall so that the sun rays are received from the front, and in a staggered form to place the others so that all are benefited with the rays of sunlight.

Once they are grouped it is easier to place a protective blanket in case of a very intense frost, they can be propped up with stakes, and thus they will be able to survive the excessively cold weather.

Using good compost that we can make ourselves is another alternative we have to protect plants during frost. In summer, we use compost to cover the soil from the sun’s rays to lower the temperature and keep the plants cool.  In winter, the mulch of straw, bark, and compost is advisable to look for dark-colored mulch as this helps the soil retain heat and improves the temperature against climatic changes.

The fertilizing of plants in winter is something that we cannot forget because the season does not allow the application of fertilizers of fast assimilation. After all, its extra contribution of nutrients makes the plants absorb them very fast to assimilate them, then begin the new shoots and leaves that are sensitive to frosts and cold winds.

It is preferable to reduce the amount of fertilizer used in autumn and winter or to apply one that is slowly absorbed so that the plants assimilate the nutrients progressively, in this case, the ideal is to use fertilizers rich in organic matter.

It is clear that with the cold days and rains in November, the work in the garden is done with greater care to preserve what is most precious, the plants that we have been growing and those we want to see at the end of winter.

greenhouse plant grow winter

About Henry Morgan

Henry Morgan is an agronomist horticulture founder of The Garden Style Company and The Garden Style Website. He previously worked for Mondelēz International as an Agronomist Engineer specializing in agricultural products management in highly populated areas. In 2000, Henry started working with farmer-producers in agricultural businesses selling wholesale fresh produce and retail plants in Van Buren, Arkansas. Nowadays, Henry lives in California, where he offers expert consulting services for organic vegetable gardening. As a science writer working with his wife, Julia, Henry shares his passion for gardening and farming, trying to reach and teach as many folks as possible.

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