This crop does best in cool climates. Broccoli contains Vitamin C and A, Calcium, Iron, and Sulfur. It also has antimicrobial and diabetes control properties, sulforaphane that kills cancer cells, and controls blood pressure. In this post, we will give you information to be able to how to grow broccoli and its care.
Table of Contents
How to Grow Broccoli from Seeds
If you want to harvest broccoli in the height of summer, the best time to start broccoli indoors is 6 to 8 weeks before the date of the last frost.
Broccoli seeds are round with a dark red or grayish color, their diameter is 0.03″ (1 mm). Sowing is done in the seedbed with a mixture that contains compost so that the seedlings develop better. The seedbed must have adequate drainage. The sowing depth is three times the size of the seed about 0.4″ (1 cm) then cover the seeds and add water.
Broccoli needs many nutrients and grows best in soils with a neutral pH (6.0-7.0), it also needs direct sun.
The seedlings are ready when the second pair of true leaves appear. The distance between plants is 16″ (40 cm). Pull out the seedlings carefully so as not to hurt the roots. If the roots are very kinked you should loosen them and trim them a little if necessary, this will promote their growth. The depth of the transplant hole should be deep enough to cover even the first true leaves. Water your seedlings after transplanting.
Harvest and Storage Broccoli
The first broccoli sprouts are harvested when they barely appear in late winter, the harvest continues well into the summer. In this sense, the plant is very generous.
Cut the stems at an angle so that the plant will keep the water inside. Refrigerate immediately for a longer duration, can be stored for several weeks.
If they are varieties that give several crops, it is important to water the plant afterward, to encourage its growth.
How to Grow Broccoli: Tips
Keep the space free of weeds, the growth of the seedlings can be affected and can bring pests.
Fertilize the plants when the inflorescence begins to form.
Observe the plants at least twice a week to prevent pests and diseases.
Keep the soil moist.