In this article, you will learn how to plant acorns and get a new tree. Trees of the genus Quercus (Quercineae): cork oak, kermes oak, holm oak, gall oak, and oak are the ones that bear this fruit.
With the arrival of autumn, many of us go for a walk in the surroundings or enjoy the views of the change of season of the falling leaves or even that many of the trees give us their fruits.
Autumn comes loaded with food for the forest creatures and for us to collect fruits for the winter, among them we can find chestnuts, hazelnuts, walnuts, or even as we are going to see today, acorns.
Table of Contents
Which Acorns Should You Choose?
Look for large acorns with a vivid dark brown color. They may still have some greenish color, but never light brown or alternating with dark brown. They should not have holes or be gnawed. If possible, take them from a large tree that you know produces a lot of acorns every year. Pick them preferably from the ground. A further test of good quality is to put them in water so that they do not float. Do not take more than you can plant, because many animals also need them for food.
Acorns soon dehydrate and lose their ability to germinate. They will keep in the open air and in a cool place for 7 or 8 days. If possible, keep them in the refrigerator and in contact with a damp cloth or cotton.
Where And When to Plant Acorns?
Sow them in autumn or early winter. You can sow them in pots, taking care not to put them in direct contact with the soil and to keep the soil well packed and always moist. Or do it directly in the field on a day when there is no frost. Better if it is in soft soil and next to shrubs that shade them in the harsh summer evenings. Choose land with a low density of trees of the species they come from.
How to Plant Acorns Step by Step
Planting acorns is very simple, in nature they grow easily so we will show you how to imitate that process so that your acorn grows easily. Below you will learn step by step how to plant acorns.
Sideways, at a depth of 1.5 or 2 times their diameter. We will cover them well with the soil avoiding that they are seen. We will only put one in each hole and we will distance them at least a couple of ft (meters) to avoid competition between them.
To obtain the germination of the acorns will be easy following these steps. First, we will introduce the acorns in a container with water, the ones that sink will be the ones we should use. If any acorn floats, we will discard it. We will look for a container and we will place in its interior a layer of hydrophilic cotton in the bottom, we will put the acorns on the cotton, and on them, we will arrange another layer of cotton. Moisten the cotton and leave the acorns in the container for 10 to 30 days. In that period of time, most of the acorns will germinate. Once the acorns have germinated, plant them in an ordinary seedbed, using a good gardening substrate, first place a layer of substrate in the seedbed and making a hole, plant the germinated acorn with the root downwards, cover with a little more substrate. Watering once a week will be enough for most species, except those that are typical of high rainfall areas.
They can also be planted directly into the ground; it depends on the cold. If we leave the seedling indoors during the winter, then in the spring the acorn will begin to unfold a small green shoot. With any of the options, we will be successful, although it is very interesting to observe the development of all growth phases and we can postpone the arrival in the ground for when the plant is more developed.
Growing Oak Trees from Acorns
Here is a video we prepared for you to easily see how to plant acorns. We also recommend our article about how to grow a peach tree from a pit.
We hope that this article on how to plant acorns will be of great help and soon you will have a new tree.